Who are the Nobel Prize winners from India?
Vivek Banerjee, NIT Jamshedpur (2014-18), Quizzer, History buff
By 'from India' let's put this in the following categories..
- a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens
- b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens
- c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens
- d) People residing in India while receiving
- e) People of Indian origin while receiving
- f) People born in India receiving it on behalf of an organization
Let's look into the recipients of the much famed Nobel Prize..
a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens
- Rabindranath Tagore
Year: 1913, Subject: Literature
Born in Calcutta, British India, Tagore was awarded "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West."
- Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Year: 1930, Subject: Physics
Born in Madras Province, British India, Raman was awarded "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him."
- Dr. Amartya Sen
Year: 1998, Subject: Economic Sciences
Born in Bengal Province, British India, Sen was awarded “for his contribution to welfare economics.”
- Kailash Satyarthi
Year: 2014, Subject: Peace
Born in Madhya Pradesh, Republic of India, Satyarthi was awarded jointly with Malala Yousafzai “"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."
b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens
- Rudyard Kipling
Year: 1907, Subject: Literature
Born in Bombay, British India, but an English citizen, Kipling was awarded “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”
- Sir Ronald Ross
Year: 1902, Subject: Medicine
Born in Almora, British India, Ross, an English citizen, was awarded "for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it."
- Har Gobind Khorana
Year: 1968, Subject: Medicine
Born in Punjab, British India, Khorana, citizen of the United States, was awarded jointly with Holley and Nirenberg "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis."
- Abdus Salam
Year: 1979, Subject: Physics
Born in Jhang, Punjab, British India, Salam, a Pakistani citizen, shared the award with Glashow and Weinberg “for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current.”
- Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
Year: 1983, Subject: Physics
Born in Lahore, British India, Chandrasekhar, citizen of USA, was awarded “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”
- Muhammad Yunus
Year: 2006, Subject: Peace
7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Year: 2009, Subject: Chemistry
Born in Tamil Nadu, Republic of India, Ramakrishnan was awarded "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome." He is a citizen of Great Britain.
8. Abhijit V. Banerjee
Year: 2019, Subject: Economic Sciences
Born in Dhule and educated in Kolkata and Delhi, Banerjee shares the 2019 Economic Sciences Nobel Prize “for their experimental approach in alleviating poverty.” He is the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at MIT, USA.
c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens
1. Mother Teresa (born as Agnes Bojaxhiu)
Year: 1979, Subject: Peace