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美版知乎:有哪些印度人获得过诺贝尔奖

Who are the Nobel Prize winners from India?

有哪些印度人获得了诺贝尔奖?

以下是Quora读者的评论:

Vivek Banerjee, NIT Jamshedpur (2014-18), Quizzer, History buff

By 'from India' let's put this in the following categories..

  1. a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens
  2. b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens
  3. c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens
  4. d) People residing in India while receiving
  5. e) People of Indian origin while receiving
  6. f) People born in India receiving it on behalf of an organization

问题中的“印度人”,可以分为以下几类:

a) 在印度(包括英属印度)出生并作为印度公民领奖的人

b) 出生在印度(包括英属印度)但作为海外公民领奖的人

c) 在海外出生但作为印度公民领奖的人

d) 领奖时居住在印度的人

e) 印度后裔

f) 在印度出生的人代表一个组织领奖

Let's look into the recipients of the much famed Nobel Prize..

a) People born in India (including British India) and receiving as Indian citizens

让我们看看著名的诺贝尔奖获得者有哪些。

a) 在印度(包括英属印度)出生并作为印度公民领奖的人

  1. Rabindranath Tagore

Year: 1913, Subject: Literature

Born in Calcutta, British India, Tagore was awarded "because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West."

  1. 拉宾德拉纳特·泰戈尔

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年份:1913,类别:文学

泰戈尔出生于英属印度加尔各答,他 “因为非常敏感,清新和美丽的诗句,凭借精湛的技巧用独特的英语表达自己的诗歌思想,成为西方文学的重要组成部分。”而获奖。

  1. Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Year: 1930, Subject: Physics

Born in Madras Province, British India, Raman was awarded "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him."

  1. 钱德拉塞卡拉·文卡塔·拉曼博士

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年份:1930,类别:物理

拉曼出生在英属印度的马德拉斯省,他因“在光的散射方面的工作以及发现了他名字命名的光学效应”而获奖。

  1. Dr. Amartya Sen

Year: 1998, Subject: Economic Sciences

Born in Bengal Province, British India, Sen was awarded “for his contribution to welfare economics.”

  1. 阿马蒂亚森博士

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年份:1998,类别:经济科学

森出生于英属印度孟加拉邦省,被授予“福利经济学贡献奖”

  1. Kailash Satyarthi

Year: 2014, Subject: Peace

Born in Madhya Pradesh, Republic of India, Satyarthi was awarded jointly with Malala Yousafzai “"for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education."

  1. 凯拉什·萨蒂亚尔希

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年份:2014,类别:和平

萨蒂亚尔希出生于印度共和国中央邦,他与马拉拉·优素福扎伊共同被授予“反对镇压儿童和青年的斗争,为所有儿童争取受教育的权利”

b) People born in India (including British India) but receiving as Overseas citizens

b) 出生在印度(包括英属印度)但作为海外公民接受的人

  1. Rudyard Kipling

Year: 1907, Subject: Literature

Born in Bombay, British India, but an English citizen, Kipling was awarded “in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.”

1.拉迪亚德·吉卜林

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年份:1907,类别:文学

吉卜林出生于英属印度孟买,但是英国公民,因“具备观察力、想象力的独创性、思想的男子气概和非凡的叙述才能,这些都是这位世界著名作家创作的特点。”而获奖。

  1. Sir Ronald Ross

Year: 1902, Subject: Medicine

Born in Almora, British India, Ross, an English citizen, was awarded "for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it."

2.罗纳德·罗斯爵士

年份:1902,类别:医学

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出生于英属印度的阿尔莫拉,英国公民罗斯因“在疟疾方面的研究成果,通过这项研究,他展示了疟疾如何进入生物体,从而奠定了对这一疾病和防治方法的成功研究的基础。”而获奖。

  1. Har Gobind Khorana

Year: 1968, Subject: Medicine

Born in Punjab, British India, Khorana, citizen of the United States, was awarded jointly with Holley and Nirenberg "for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis."

  1. 哈尔·哥宾德·科拉纳

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年份:1968,类别:医学

霍拉纳出生于英属印度旁遮普省,是美国公民,他与霍利和尼伦伯格因“对基因密码的解释及其在蛋白质合成中的作用” 共同获得殊荣。

  1. Abdus Salam

Year: 1979, Subject: Physics

Born in Jhang, Punjab, British India, Salam, a Pakistani citizen, shared the award with Glashow and Weinberg “for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current.”

  1. 阿普杜勒·萨拉姆

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年份:1979,类别:物理

巴基斯坦公民萨拉姆出生于英属印度旁遮普省贾昂,他与格拉肖夫和温伯格“因为他们对基本粒子间统一弱相互作用和电磁相互作用理论的贡献,包括对弱中性电流的预测。”共同获得这一奖项。

  1. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

Year: 1983, Subject: Physics

Born in Lahore, British India, Chandrasekhar, citizen of USA, was awarded “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.”

  1. 苏布拉曼扬·钱德拉塞卡

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年份:1983,类别:物理

钱德拉塞卡出生于英属印度的拉合尔,美国公民,因“对恒星结构和演化具有重要意义的物理过程的理论研究”而获奖。

  1. Muhammad Yunus

Year: 2006, Subject: Peace

  1. 穆罕默德·尤努斯

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年份:2006,类别:和平

7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Year: 2009, Subject: Chemistry

Born in Tamil Nadu, Republic of India, Ramakrishnan was awarded "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome." He is a citizen of Great Britain.

拉马克·里希南

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年份2009年 类别:化学

拉马克·里希南出生于印度泰米尔纳德邦,凭借对“核糖体结构和功能的研究”而获奖。他是英国公民

8. Abhijit V. Banerjee

Year: 2019, Subject: Economic Sciences

Born in Dhule and educated in Kolkata and Delhi, Banerjee shares the 2019 Economic Sciences Nobel Prize “for their experimental approach in alleviating poverty.” He is the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at MIT, USA.

8,阿比吉特·班纳吉

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年份2019,类别:经济学

班纳吉出生于杜尔,在加尔各答和德里接受教育,凭借其在减少贫困方面的实验研究而获得2019年诺贝尔经济学奖。他是美国麻省理工学院福特基金会国际经济学教授

c) People born Overseas but receiving as Indian citizens

1. Mother Teresa (born as Agnes Bojaxhiu)

Year: 1979, Subject: Peace

c) 在海外出生但作为印度公民领奖的人

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特蕾莎修女(原名艾格尼丝·博加西乌)

年份1979年,类别:和平

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