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美版知乎:哪些国家曾经一度弱小但现在十分强大

What countries used to be weak but are now powerful?

哪些国家曾经一度弱小但现在十分强大?

以下是Quora读者的评论:

Muhammad Ackakzai, studied at Columbia University

China

PRC of China was founded in 1949. Two years after my father’s country of Pakistan which was founded in 1947.

Pakistan not only had more assets than the Chinese state, which had only recently thrown off opium epidemics and civil war, but a national railway system left by the British.

Today China is poised to take over the Global stage, already has economically and seems to do so politically.

No other nation has pushed double digit growth like China has. A strong regional military to boot, Shenzen is the world’s hardware equivalent of Silicon Valley, and when it comes to super computers and AI they are doing things that seriously challenge anyone.

What makes China most powerful in my eye is how they turned the world order . You don’t have to be a democracy to be successful, there are alternative ways of governing

中国

华人民共和国成立于1949年。两年后,我父亲的祖国巴基斯坦成立于1947年。

巴基斯坦不仅拥有比中国更多的资产,而且还有英国留下的国家铁路系统。

如今,中国已准备好登上全球舞台,在经济上如此,在政治上似乎也是如此。

没有其他国家能像中国那样推动两位数的增长。此外,深圳在硬件方面的实力相当于硅谷,而在超级计算机人工智能方面,中国的成就正挑战着所有国家。

在我看来,中国之所以强大,是因为他们改变了世界秩序。你不是一定要成为国家才能成功,还有其他的治理方式。

 

Nguyen Ba Giap, works at Eart

I can only say Singapore and partly China after the opium war.

Singapore is an island that has mostly fishing for its economy, under Le Kuan Yew turned out to be ASEAN tiger (or is it tigerfish?).  Most of them are pro US. Countries that don't pro US should be in the list, not others after ww2.

我只能说鸦片战争后的新加坡以及某种意义上的中国。

新加坡曾是一个以渔业为主要经济来源的岛国,在李光耀的领导下,它变成了东盟之虎。他们大多数是亲美的。不支持美国的国家应该被列入名单,而不是二战后的其他国家。

 

Mathew Arun, Financial Analyst at The Bank of New York Mellon

Qatar.

The Richest country in the World.

卡塔尔。

世界上最富有的国家。

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Doha,Capital of Qatar in 1950.

1950年,卡塔尔首都多哈。

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Doha in 2019.

From an empty desert,Qatar rose to become the richest country in the world in just over 50 years.Thanks to its vast Oil and Gas reserves.

2019年的多哈。

卡塔尔从一个不毛之地的沙漠崛起为世界上最富有的国家,仅用了50多年的时间。这得益于其丰富的石油和天然气储备。

 

Kevin Connors

One of the World’s wealthiest countries today used to be one of the poorest.

1.This country was oppressed by a foreign colonial ruler.

2.This country was devastated by war, a war that nearly destroyed the country.

3.This country has had two different military coupes in the last 60 years

4.This country just hosted the Olympics for the 2nd time.

What country am I talking about?

今天世界上最富有的国家之一曾经是最贫穷的国家之一。

1.这个国家受外国殖民统治者的压迫。

2.这个国家被战争摧毁过,这场战争几乎摧毁了这个国家。

3.在过去的60年里,这个国家经历了两次不同的军事政变

4.这个国家刚刚举办了第二次奥运会。

我说的是哪个国家?

People used to greet each other by asking, “Have you eaten today?”

过去人们相互问候时总是问:“你今天吃了吗?”

I’m talking about South Korea. This was what the country used to look like after the Korean War. The life expectancy was just over 50 years old. Major cities were completely destroyed, and people struggled to feed their families.

In the decades after the war South Korea’s economy skyrocketed, during a period which is often referred to as the “Miracle on the Han.”

Now South Korea is one of the richest countries in the world, with 11th largest economy by nominal GDP. Seoul is one of the biggest and prosperous cities in the world.

我说的是韩国。这是战争后韩国的国家面貌。人民平均寿命只有50多岁。主要城市被完全摧毁,人们勉强度日、养家糊口。

战后的几十年间,韩国经济飞速发展,这段时期被称为“汉江奇迹”。

如今,韩国是世界上最富有的国家之一,其名义国内生产总值(GDP)排在第11位。首尔是世界上最大、最繁华的城市之一。

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Seoul has the 4th largest metropolitan economy in the world behind Tokyo, New York, and LA.

South Korea is now one of the most technologically advanced countries in the world. Samsung, LG, Hyundai, and Kia are all extremely successful Korean companies. Korea has some of the fastest and most efficient train and metro systems in the world.

KTX, Korea’s modern trains system, travels at speeds 305km/h or 190mph!

I’m from America, but I currently live in South Korea, and in many ways I feel like Korea is more advanced than the richest country in the world.

Korea ranks above the US in life expectancy, and education, and has far cheaper health care. South Korea has the fastest internet speeds in the world, and the Seoul subway system is one of the most efficient in the world. It makes Washington DC’s subway system look like a bad joke.

Korea’s rapid economic growth helped transform it from one of the world’s poorest countries to the economic powerhouse that it is today.

首尔是仅次于东京、纽约和洛杉矶的世界第四大都市经济体。

韩国现在是世界上技术最先进的国家之一。三星、LG、现代和起亚都是非常成功的韩国公司。韩国拥有世界上最快、最高效的火车和地铁系统。

KTX是韩国的现代列车系统,运行速度为305公里/小时或190英里/小时!

我来自美国,但我现在住在韩国,在很多方面,我觉得韩国比世界上最富裕的国家更先进。

韩国人的平均寿命和受教育程度都高于美国,医疗保健也比美国便宜得多。韩国拥有世界上最快的网速,而首尔的地铁系统是世界上最高效的地铁系统之一。这让华盛顿特区的地铁系统看起来像一个糟糕的笑话。

韩国快速的经济增长帮助它从世界上最贫穷的国家之一转变为今天的经济强国。

 译文来源:三泰虎  http://www.santaihu.com/49205.html 译者:Joyceliu

 

Thomas Chilton, travel blogger

Vietnam

This is what Vietnam looked like at the end of the Vietnam War, an event that claimed the lives of 58,000 Americans, and as many as 2 million Vietnamese.

越南

这是越南战争结束时的样子,那场战争夺去了5.8万美国人和多达200万越南人的生命。

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