Will China ever replace the United States as the world’s eminent superpower militarily, socially, and economically?
George Hsia, Freelancer (2015-present)
Militarily: The US is apparently a greater power and will be so for a long while, but the purposes of their military are different: as a global hegemon, the American military (plus its allies) is actually not powerful enough to sustain its world dominance; on the other hand, the Chinese military is purely defensive, and, as such, it is an adequately formidable power. In a more general sense, the comparison between the US and China (or Russia) is meaningless — in this hi-tech and nuclear age, the three military major powers are equally vulnerable in a nuclear war.
Economically: The US is relatively in decline, whereas China is gaining the upper hand. The US (or the West) has been the rule-maker of the global economic order, and the US dollar remains the international currency. However, China is already the largest trading nation, the largest manufacturer (even larger than the manufacturing industry of the US, Japan, Germany combined), the largest consumer market,… and a pioneer in scientific and technological advancement. Predictably, the monopoly of the US dollar as the international currency will be increasingly weakened with the further progress of economic globalization, and China will leave the US far behind — not only in quantitative terms.
Culturally: In the sphere of pop culture, or culture pertaining to entertainment and consumerism, the global dominance of the US/West is obvious and not to be challenged, and China (and for that matter the rest of the non-Western world) is increasingly Westernized. However, in the sphere of social morality, the West remains the West, while the East the East. Both the US and China have their distinctive moral values, and they don’t or can’t compete for global influences.
So, all in all, who is a greater power?
Devala Peracini, Passion by International Politics
Yes, they definetely will.
China along the history has always been a great country with impressive technology and economic power. They had a breakdown between the 19th and 20th century, called by themselves as the “century of shame” and they are not wrong about.
Now they are retaking their historical position in the world, as a main power, not a secondary one.
Their growth is the fastest economic growth in human history
Its not only brute growth, it’s quality growth, they have similarities with US when we think about their industries.
When we think about American leadership in the 20th century we always think about the new technologies at the time. Cars, Electricity, Telephones, Computers, Airplanes. Technologies that most of them weren’t found out there, but optimized there in the US.
Think about China there, leadership in Green Energies, Civilian drones, Artificial Intelligence and Nuclear Fusion Energy.