西诺网

美版知乎:中国能取代美国成为超级大国吗

Will China ever replace the United States as the world’s eminent superpower militarily, socially, and economically?

中国能在军事、社会和经济上取代美国,成为世界卓越的超级大国吗?

timg.jpg

QUORA网站读者评论:

George Hsia, Freelancer (2015-present)

Militarily: The US is apparently a greater power and will be so for a long while, but the purposes of their military are different: as a global hegemon, the American military (plus its allies) is actually not powerful enough to sustain its world dominance; on the other hand, the Chinese military is purely defensive, and, as such, it is an adequately formidable power. In a more general sense, the comparison between the US and China (or Russia) is meaningless — in this hi-tech and nuclear age, the three military major powers are equally vulnerable in a nuclear war.

Economically: The US is relatively in decline, whereas China is gaining the upper hand. The US (or the West) has been the rule-maker of the global economic order, and the US dollar remains the international currency. However, China is already the largest trading nation, the largest manufacturer (even larger than the manufacturing industry of the US, Japan, Germany combined), the largest consumer market,… and a pioneer in scientific and technological advancement. Predictably, the monopoly of the US dollar as the international currency will be increasingly weakened with the further progress of economic globalization, and China will leave the US far behind — not only in quantitative terms.

军事方面:美国显然是一个更强大的国家,而且在很长一段时间内都将继续保持,但是两个国家的军事目的是不同的:作为全球霸主,美国军队(及其盟友)实际上并没有足够的力量来维持其世界霸主的地位;与此同时中国军队只为防守,它是一支足够强大的力量。从更广泛的意义上说,美中两国(或俄罗斯)之间的比较毫无意义——在这个高科技和核武器的时代,三个军事大国在核战争中都同样脆弱。

经济方面:美国稍显颓势,而中国则占据上风。美国(或西方)一直是全球经济秩序的制定者,美元仍然是国际货币。然而,中国已经是最大的贸易国、最大的制造国(甚至比美国、日本、德国的制造业加起来都要大)、最大的消费市场……和科技进步的先驱。可以预见,随着经济全球化的进一步推进,美元作为国际货币的垄断地位将日益削弱,中国将把美国远远抛在身后。

译文来源:三泰虎        译者:Joyceliu

Culturally: In the sphere of pop culture, or culture pertaining to entertainment and consumerism, the global dominance of the US/West is obvious and not to be challenged, and China (and for that matter the rest of the non-Western world) is increasingly Westernized. However, in the sphere of social morality, the West remains the West, while the East the East. Both the US and China have their distinctive moral values, and they don’t or can’t compete for global influences.

So, all in all, who is a greater power?

文化方面:在流行文化领域,或与娱乐和消费主义相关的文化领域,美国/西方在全球的主导地位还是显而易见,不容置疑的,而中国(以及非西方世界的其他国家)正日益西化。然而,在社会道德领域,西方仍是西方,东方仍是东方。美国和中国都有其独特的道德价值观,它们没有或无法在全球影响力上上进行竞争。

总而言之,谁更强大呢?

 

Devala Peracini, Passion by International Politics

Yes, they definetely will.

China along the history has always been a great country with impressive technology and economic power. They had a breakdown between the 19th and 20th century, called by themselves as the “century of shame” and they are not wrong about.

Now they are retaking their historical position in the world, as a main power, not a secondary one.

Economically

Their growth is the fastest economic growth in human history

是的,他们肯定会。

中国历史上一直是一个拥有令人瞩目的技术和经济实力的大国。他们在19世纪和20世纪没落,自称那是他们的“耻辱百年”,他们说得没有错。

现在他们正在重新夺回他们历史上的大国地位。

经济上

他们的经济增长是人类历史上最快的。

Its not only brute growth, it’s quality growth, they have similarities with US when we think about their industries.

When we think about American leadership in the 20th century we always think about the new technologies at the time. Cars, Electricity, Telephones, Computers, Airplanes. Technologies that most of them weren’t found out there, but optimized there in the US.

Think about China there, leadership in Green Energies, Civilian drones, Artificial Intelligence and Nuclear Fusion Energy.

这种增长是残酷的增长,还是有质量的增长,他们的工业和美国有相似之处。

一谈到美国在20世纪处于领导地位时,我们总会想到当时的新技术。汽车、电、电话、电脑、飞机。大多数技术并非源于美国,但都在美国得到了充分利用。

而中国,已成为绿色能源、民用无人机人工智能和核聚变能源的领导者。

转载请注明出处!:首页 > 网贴翻译 > 美国 » 美版知乎:中国能取代美国成为超级大国吗