Why is India still a developing country?
来源：三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/46173.html 译者：Jessica.Wu
Balaji Viswanathan, Indian by Birth. Indian by Thought.
When I started college in 2000, there was just a single metro transit system in India. In 15 years, we now have 7 metro systems in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Chennai, Jaipur and Gurgaon and another 7 more to open within 2 years. There were 0 expressways. Now, there are 23 and 22 more to come in the next couple of years. Less than 3 people out of every 100 had a phone and those three were likely urban rich. Now, almost every family has phones.
Not just the technology. 4 more years have been added to an Indian's life with growing life expectancy, while the fertility ratio (# of children per woman) has fallen to a healthy 2.3 from over 3. Only about 40% of females over 15 were literate back in 2000 (Country Profiles). Now, it is over 60%. Enrollment in pre-primary education has more than doubled. There is a massive drop especially in young female illiteracy.
All in a little more than a decade. When someone says India is not developing, they have their eyes tightly shut. We have a long way to go, but we are on track. Why don't poor Indians start a revolution?
As of 2015, India along with Mexico, Brazil, Malaysia, Turkey, South Africa and China has already graduated to the next stage from a developing country. It is no longer considered developing by the IMF, but a Newly industrialized country - just one below the developed. This is a big step since 1947. It is also a part of G-20 major economies - influential economies in the world and becoming a key base for many for world's leading corporations. Even in the 1970s, India found itself ranked only with economic basketcases.
There is not just the economic growth. In military, Indian firepower has already jumped to the 4th place (Global Firepower Military Powers Ranked for 2015) and that means India no longer is pushed around like it was in your grandpa's time. It has been decades since India fought a full war and that is because we have enough firepower to defend against aggression.
In space, we have already become among a major power coming to ranks with the developed world. In computing, nuclear energy and other areas of high technology, it is closing the ranks with the developed world.
A lot of these developments happened in just 20 years. In my own short lifetime, I have seen India grow from a nuclear pariah to a defacto nuclear power. From an ignored economy to a major economic power. From a nation playing with crude technology to a nation on the cutting edge of a number of sectors. From a nation sending amateur rockets to finding water on moon & sending objects to Mars. I have seen cities grow from rubbish to ones with skyscrapers, metro railsystems and freeways. Different View of India: Pictures of Indian cities you don't see in overseas media.
If I extrapolate the changes I have observed in the last 20 years, I'm fairly confident that I will see a developed India before I die.